In 2017, the Court decided California Cannabis Coalition v. City of Upland, a dispute over an initiative to allow marijuana dispensaries in that city. It concluded that an initiative is not subject to some of Proposition 218’s limits on taxes proposed by city councils and county boards of supervisors. Its broad language opened the door to the possibility that a special tax proposed by initiative could be immune from the requirement for two-thirds voter approval. Three Court of Appeal decisions have now walked through that door, concluding that initiative special taxes can be approved by simple majorities of votes — two involving San Francisco (here and here) and one involving Fresno.  All three led to petitions for review in the California Supreme Court and the Supreme Court denied all three petitions. Thus, without deciding a case, the California Supreme Court has made very clear that the law is now settled — special taxes proposed by initiative require only simple majority voter approval.